The Castle of Brescia has dominated the city since the Middle Ages, hosting from time to time various troops of those who took turns in power. In 1902 it was declared a national monument and after a few years, it was acquired by the Municipality of Brescia, which began a long process of integration with the rest of the city. From the barren scenery of the Risorgimento events, it became a large park with lush vegetation, a favorite destination for Sunday trips of families and couples looking for romantic scenery, but also a place for fun and culture (outdoor summer cinema, museums, cultural events, such as Musical zoo or Cidneon). Itinerary on foot.
The world conflicts were a great trauma for the population of Brescia, who after the wars ended felt the need to remember those who sacrificed for their homeland. In this journey, we will discover what initiatives aimed at bringing to memory facts and characters who wrote the history and what was the role of symbols and art. Itinerary on foot.
Route 3 – That was the year… – Brescia in the 1900s
This route winds through the city streets to retrace through narration the places and main facts that characterized the 20th century in Brescia: from the universal exhibition in 1904 to the terroristic massacre in Piazza della Loggia, from the recovery of the Monastery of Santa Giulia as the Museum of the City to the “Carmine project” and MO.CA., from the birth of Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, to the first mass by Don Montini, future Pope Paul VI. Itinerary on foot.
Route 4 – Tasty Brescia – Or how to rediscover the city from its historic shops.
The itinerary traces an unprecedented map capable of reconstructing the history of bars and public gatherings in the city at the beginning of the twentieth century. Following the thread of a constantly evolving dynamic, which has changed the panorama of urban habits every year, we will immerse ourselves with the imagination in the atmosphere of the Hotel Gallo’s cafe on the corner of Piazzetta Paganora, which in 1904 hosted Giacomo Puccini, until he discovered that on the top floor of the INA tower in Piazza Vittoria, a restaurant offered one of the most beautiful views of the city. Itinerary on foot.
The city of Brescia boasts a long and glorious musical tradition, counting among its citizens Luca Marenzio and Benedetto Marcello, in addition to the remains of the inventor of the violin Gasparo da Salò. In the 1900s, the musical tradition continued to bear fruit: from the success of Puccini’s Madama Butterfly in 1904 to the Teatro Grande, the performances by Arturo Benedetto Michelangeli (considered one of the greatest pianists of the century), up to the compositions by Facchinetti, Togni and Tessadrelli. This itinerary will guide you to the most significant places of Brescia’s music history. Itinerary on foot.
In Brescia, there are less evident but certainly equally engaging routes, especially if the protagonist is Memory, which is always difficult to preserve. With this in mind, we will trace history episodes often forgotten, in search of the places and the presence of Jews in the city, from Roman times to their deportation during the Second World War, as the Stumbling Stones recall. We will cross the subsequent “wounds” of Brescia along the Memorial of the victims of terrorism and political violence, always having Freedom as a destination, in the name of which many died and fought. Itinerary on foot.
Route 7 – How do I move today? – From the horse omnibus to the subway
The itinerary that runs from the San Faustino metro stop to the railway station will be the timeline along which to retrace the history of mobility in the city, from that time still entrusted to carriages in the second half of the Eighteenth Century to the recent subway. In the middle, the history of the chalet in the former Piazza Duomo, the first ticket office for urban and extra-urban tramways; until the arrival of the trolly in 1935, which 30 years later gave way to the typical yellow-orange buses. Metro and bicycle itinerary.
Route 8 – The Carmine district – Between misery and nobility
The rebel district of Brescia and the ancient streets of Eros. The itinerary unfolds in the historic center through the most significant stages and describes the change following the population of the Carmine district and its connotation of an X-rated district, as a tangle of streets and alleys close to the new factories and barracks.
On foot or by bike.
Route 9 – Art Nouveau Brescia – Floral style in the city
At the end of the Nineteenth Century Europe was crossed by a fresh and innovative style, which sought its source of inspiration in nature and plant forms, pursuing stylistic and design coherence between form and function. In a period characterized by the emergence of new social classes, by the enthusiasm for the 1904 Universal Exposition, by the use of new construction materials such as iron, glass, and concrete, Liberty, the Italian Art Nouveau, also spreads to Brescia, leaving significant traces we will discover. Bicycle itinerary.
Route 10 – Changing borders – The evolution of a city
The itinerary traces the events of some places in Brescia that in the last 150 years have undergone transformations, abandonments, and stratification. From Piazza Garibaldi, once a monumental entrance to the city and now a crossroads of wide-ranging boulevards, to the “Arab area”, occupied since 1917 by hundreds of Libyans induced to move from the Italian government to work in the factories that had just arisen south of via Milan. The stages will also be an opportunity to tell the story of how the atmosphere and the soundscapes in the city change over the years. Bicycle itinerary.